Bipolar Affective Disorder

Bipolar disorder, more commonly referred to as ‘BPAD’, occurs when depressive episodes are mixed or alternated with manic or hypomanic episodes of euphoria where a mother’s mood varies significantly, often with intermittent periods of normal mood in between.

Mania, the opposite of depression, can also vary in intensity and include symptoms such as feeling ‘high’, having lots of energy, racing thoughts, irritability and little need for sleep.  It is often associated with increased rate of speech, difficulty focusing on tasks and feeling frustrated or upset. The disorder is usually familial with some genetic links associated on closer look at family history and often brought on by stress or conflict. For this reason, it is also often prevalent in the perinatal period but only affects approximately 2% of the general population.